Changeset 4e60ea5 for BOOK/bootable


Ignore:
Timestamp:
Aug 8, 2010, 11:21:31 AM (10 years ago)
Author:
Joe Ciccone <jciccone@…>
Branches:
clfs-1.2, clfs-2.1, clfs-3.0.0-systemd, clfs-3.0.0-sysvinit, master, systemd, sysvinit
Children:
7278ff4
Parents:
6cc876e
Message:

Updated GRUB to 1.98

File:
1 edited

Legend:

Unmodified
Added
Removed
  • BOOK/bootable/x86/grub.xml

    r6cc876e r4e60ea5  
    1818  <para os="a">Your shiny new CLFS system is almost complete. One of the last
    1919  things to do is to ensure that the system can be properly booted. The
    20   instructions below apply only to computers of IA-32 architecture,
     20  instructions below apply only to computers of x86 and x86_64 architecture,
    2121  meaning mainstream PCs. Information on <quote>boot loading</quote> for
    2222  other architectures should be available in the usual resource-specific
     
    2929  the computer if the computer becomes unusable (un-bootable).</para>
    3030
    31   <para os="c">Earlier, we compiled and installed the GRUB boot loader software
    32   in preparation for this step. The procedure involves writing some special
    33   GRUB files to specific locations on the hard drive. We highly recommend
    34   creating a GRUB boot floppy diskette as a backup. Insert a blank floppy
    35   diskette and run the following commands:</para>
     31  <para os="c">The first thing we need to do is generate a configuration for
     32  GRUB. In previous versions of grub we could create the configuration manually
     33  here, but with GRUB2 we can generate <filename>grub.cfg</filename>
     34  automatically. You can do this with the following command:</para>
    3635
    37 <screen os="d"><userinput>dd if=/boot/grub/stage1 of=/dev/fd0 bs=512 count=1
    38 dd if=/boot/grub/stage2 of=/dev/fd0 bs=512 seek=1</userinput></screen>
     36<screen os="d"><userinput>grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg</userinput></screen>
    3937
    40   <para os="e">Remove the diskette and store it somewhere safe. Now, run the
    41   <command>grub</command> shell:</para>
    42 
    43 <screen os="f"><userinput>grub</userinput></screen>
    44 
    45   <para os="g">GRUB uses its own naming structure for drives and partitions in
    46   the form of <emphasis>(hdn,m)</emphasis>, where <emphasis>n</emphasis>
    47   is the hard drive number and <emphasis>m</emphasis> is the partition
    48   number, both starting from zero. For example, partition <filename
    49   class="partition">hda1</filename> is <emphasis>(hd0,0)</emphasis> to
    50   GRUB and <filename class="partition">hdb3</filename> is
    51   <emphasis>(hd1,2)</emphasis>. In contrast to Linux, GRUB does not
    52   consider CD-ROM drives to be hard drives. For example, if using a CD
    53   on <filename class="partition">hdb</filename> and a second hard drive
    54   on <filename class="partition">hdc</filename>, that second hard drive
    55   would still be <emphasis>(hd1)</emphasis>.</para>
    56 
    57   <para os="h">Using the above information, determine the appropriate designator
    58   for the root partition (or boot partition, if a separate one is used).
    59   For the following example, it is assumed that the root (or separate boot)
    60   partition is <filename class="partition">hda4</filename>.</para>
    61 
    62   <para os="i">Tell GRUB where to search for its <filename>stage{1,2}</filename>
    63   files. The Tab key can be used everywhere to make GRUB show the
    64   alternatives:</para>
    65 
    66 <screen os="j"><userinput>root (hd0,3)</userinput></screen>
    67 
    68   <warning os="k">
     38  <warning os="w1">
    6939    <para>The following command will overwrite the current boot loader.
    7040    Do not run the command if this is not desired, for example, if using
     
    7242    In this scenario, it would make more sense to install GRUB into the
    7343    <quote>boot sector</quote> of the CLFS partition. In this case, this
    74     next command would become <userinput>setup (hd0,3)</userinput>.</para>
     44    next command would become <userinput>grub-install /dev/sda2</userinput>
     45    .</para>
    7546  </warning>
    7647
    77   <para os="l">Tell GRUB to install itself into the MBR of
    78   <filename class="partition">hda</filename>:</para>
     48  <para os="e">Instruct GRUB to install itself int othe MBR of
     49  <filename class="partition">sda</filename>:</para>
    7950
    80 <screen os="m"><userinput>setup (hd0)</userinput></screen>
    81 
    82   <para os="n">If all went well, GRUB will have reported finding its files in
    83   <filename class="directory">/boot/grub</filename>. That's all there is
    84   to it. Quit the <command>grub</command> shell:</para>
    85 
    86 <screen os="o"><userinput>quit</userinput></screen>
    87 
    88   <para os="p">Create a <quote>menu list</quote> file defining GRUB's boot
    89   menu:</para>
    90 
    91 <screen><userinput>cat &gt; /boot/grub/menu.lst &lt;&lt; "EOF"
    92 <literal># Begin /boot/grub/menu.lst
    93 
    94 # By default boot the first menu entry.
    95 default 0
    96 
    97 # Allow 30 seconds before booting the default.
    98 timeout 30
    99 
    100 # Use prettier colors.
    101 color green/black light-green/black
    102 
    103 # The first entry is for CLFS.
    104 title CLFS &version;
    105 root (hd0,3)
    106 kernel /boot/clfskernel-&linux-version; root=/dev/hda4</literal>
    107 EOF</userinput></screen>
    108 
    109 
    110   <para os="q">Add an entry for the host distribution if desired. It might look
    111   like this:</para>
    112 
    113 <screen os="r"><userinput>cat &gt;&gt; /boot/grub/menu.lst &lt;&lt; "EOF"
    114 <literal>title Red Hat
    115 root (hd0,2)
    116 kernel /boot/kernel-2.6.5 root=/dev/hda3
    117 initrd /boot/initrd-2.6.5</literal>
    118 EOF</userinput></screen>
    119 
    120   <para os="s">If dual-booting Windows, the following entry will allow
    121   booting it:</para>
    122 
    123 <screen os="t"><userinput>cat &gt;&gt; /boot/grub/menu.lst &lt;&lt; "EOF"
    124 <literal>title Windows
    125 rootnoverify (hd0,0)
    126 chainloader +1</literal>
    127 EOF</userinput></screen>
    128 
    129   <para os="u">If <command>info grub</command> does not provide all necessary
    130   material, additional information regarding GRUB is located on its
    131   website at: <ulink url="http://www.gnu.org/software/grub/"/>.</para>
    132 
    133   <para os="v">The FHS stipulates that the bootloader's configuration file should
    134   be symlinked to <filename class="symlink">/etc/{Bootloader Name}</filename>.
    135   To satisfy this requirement for GRUB, issue the following command:</para>
    136 
    137 <screen os="w"><userinput>mkdir -v /etc/grub &amp;&amp;
    138 ln -sv /boot/grub/menu.lst /etc/grub</userinput></screen>
     51<screen os="f"><userinput>grub-install /dev/sda</userinput></screen>
    13952
    14053</sect1>
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