source: BOOK/partitioning/common/creatingpartition.xml @ 3f8be484

Last change on this file since 3f8be484 was 3f8be484, checked in by Jim Gifford <clfs@…>, 16 years ago

r627@server (orig r625): jim | 2005-10-31 12:59:34 -0800
Import of Cross-LFS Book

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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.4//EN"
3  "" [
4  <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5  %general-entities;
8<sect1 id="ch-partitioning-creatingpartition">
9  <?dbhtml filename="creatingpartition.html"?>
11  <title>Creating a New Partition</title>
13  <para os="a">Like most other operating systems, LFS is usually installed on
14  a dedicated partition. The recommended approach to building an LFS
15  system is to use an available empty partition or, if you have enough
16  unpartitioned space, to create one. However, an LFS system (in fact
17  even multiple LFS systems) may also be installed on a partition already
18  occupied by another operating system and the different systems will
19  co-exist peacefully. The document <ulink
20  url="&hints-root;lfs_next_to_existing_systems.txt"/> explains how to
21  implement this, whereas this book discusses the method of using a fresh
22  partition for the installation.</para>
24  <para os="b">A minimal system requires a partition of around 1.3 gigabytes (GB).
25  This is enough to store all the source tarballs and compile the packages.
26  However, if the LFS system is intended to be the primary Linux system,
27  additional software will probably be installed which will require
28  additional space (2-3 GB). The LFS system itself will not take up this
29  much room. A large portion of this requirement is to provide sufficient
30  free temporary storage. Compiling packages can require a lot of disk space
31  which will be reclaimed after the package is installed.</para>
33  <para os="c">Because there is not always enough Random Access Memory (RAM)
34  available for compilation processes, it is a good idea to use a small disk
35  partition as swap space. This is used by the kernel to store seldom-used
36  data and leave more memory available for active processes. The swap
37  partition for an LFS system can be the same as the one used by the host
38  system, in which case it is not necessary to create another one.</para>
40  <para os="d">Start a disk partitioning program such as <command>cfdisk</command>
41  or <command>fdisk</command> with a command line option naming the hard
42  disk on which the new partition will be created&mdash;for example
43  <filename class="devicefile">/dev/hda</filename> for the primary
44  Integrated Drive Electronics (IDE) disk. Create a Linux native partition
45  and a swap partition, if needed. Please refer to
46  <filename>cfdisk(8)</filename> or <filename>fdisk(8)</filename> if you
47  do not yet know how to use the programs.</para>
49  <para os="e">Remember the designation of the new partition (e.g.,
50  <filename class="devicefile">hda5</filename>). This book will refer to
51  this as the LFS partition. Also remember the designation of the swap
52  partition. These names will be needed later for the
53  <filename>/etc/fstab</filename> file.</para>
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