source: BOOK/partitioning/common/creatingfilesystem.xml @ fb40919

clfs-1.2clfs-2.1clfs-3.0.0-systemdclfs-3.0.0-sysvinitsystemdsysvinit
Last change on this file since fb40919 was fb40919, checked in by Chris Staub <chris@…>, 13 years ago

Changed many 'LFS' references to 'CLFS'

  • Property mode set to 100644
File size: 3.0 KB
Line 
1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.4//EN"
3  "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.4/docbookx.dtd" [
4  <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5  %general-entities;
6]>
7
8<sect1 id="ch-partitioning-creatingfilesystem">
9  <?dbhtml filename="creatingfilesystem.html"?>
10
11  <title>Creating a File System on the Partition</title>
12
13  <para os="a">Now that a blank partition has been set up, the file system can be
14  created. The most widely-used system in the Linux world is the second
15  extended file system (ext2), but with newer high-capacity hard disks,
16  journaling file systems are becoming increasingly popular. We will create
17  an <systemitem class="filesystem">ext2</systemitem> file system.
18  Build instructions for other file systems can be found at
19  <ulink url="&blfs-root;view/svn/postlfs/filesystems.html"/>.</para>
20
21  <para os="b">To create an <systemitem class="filesystem">ext2</systemitem> file
22  system on the CLFS partition, run the following:</para>
23
24<screen os="c"><userinput>mke2fs /dev/<replaceable>[xxx]</replaceable></userinput></screen>
25
26  <para os="d">Replace <replaceable>[xxx]</replaceable> with the name of the CLFS
27  partition (<filename class="devicefile">hda5</filename> in our previous
28  example).</para>
29
30  <note os="e">
31    <para>Some host distributions use custom features in their filesystem
32    creation tools (E2fsprogs). This can cause problems when booting into
33    your new CLFS system, as those features will not be supported by the
34    CLFS-installed E2fsprogs; you will get an error similar to
35    <computeroutput>unsupported filesystem features, upgrade your
36    e2fsprogs</computeroutput>. To check if your host system uses custom
37    enhancements, run the following command:</para>
38
39<screen os="f"><userinput>debugfs -R feature /dev/<replaceable>[xxx]</replaceable></userinput></screen>
40
41    <para>If the output contains features other than: dir_index; filetype;
42    large_file; resize_inode or sparse_super then your host system may have custom
43    enhancements.  In that case, to avoid later problems, you should compile the
44    stock E2fsprogs package and use the resulting binaries to re-create the
45    filesystem on your CLFS partition:</para>
46
47<screen os="g"><userinput>cd /tmp
48tar xjf /path/to/sources/e2fsprogs-&e2fsprogs-version;.tar.bz2
49cd e2fsprogs-&e2fsprogs-version;
50mkdir build
51cd build
52../configure
53make #note that we intentionally don't 'make install' here!
54./misc/mke2fs /dev/<replaceable>[xxx]</replaceable>
55cd /tmp
56rm -rf e2fsprogs-&e2fsprogs-version;</userinput></screen>
57
58  </note>
59
60  <para os="h">If a swap partition was created, it will need to be initialized
61  for use by issuing the command below. If you are using an existing swap
62  partition, there is no need to format it.</para>
63
64<screen os="i"><userinput>mkswap /dev/<replaceable>[yyy]</replaceable></userinput></screen>
65
66  <para os="j">Replace <replaceable>[yyy]</replaceable> with the name of the
67  swap partition.</para>
68
69</sect1>
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