source: BOOK/final-system/x86_64-64/glibc.xml @ 917647cd

systemd
Last change on this file since 917647cd was 917647cd, checked in by Chris Staub <chris@…>, 4 years ago

Updated command explanations for several packages

  • Property mode set to 100644
File size: 6.7 KB
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[3f8be484]1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
[aa18ac0]2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3  "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
[3f8be484]4  <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5  %general-entities;
6]>
7
[cbbd1e4]8<sect1 id="ch-system-glibc" role="wrap">
9  <?dbhtml filename="glibc.html"?>
[3f8be484]10
[d785e9d]11  <title>Glibc-&glibc-version;</title>
[3f8be484]12
[cbbd1e4]13  <indexterm zone="ch-system-glibc">
[d785e9d]14    <primary sortas="a-Glibc">Glibc</primary>
[3f8be484]15  </indexterm>
16
[dabbced]17  <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
[cbbd1e4]18  href="../common/glibc.xml"
[7dfa1a8]19  xpointer="xpointer(//*[@role='package'])"/>
[3f8be484]20
21  <sect2 role="installation">
[d785e9d]22    <title>Installation of Glibc</title>
[3f8be484]23
[dabbced]24    <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
[cbbd1e4]25    href="../common/glibc.xml"
[82f7fed]26    xpointer="xpointer(//*[@os='z'])"/>
[3f8be484]27
[dabbced]28    <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
[cbbd1e4]29    href="../common/glibc.xml"
[22cd957]30    xpointer="xpointer(//*[@os='l1'])"/>
31
32    <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
[cbbd1e4]33    href="../common/glibc.xml"
[22cd957]34    xpointer="xpointer(//*[@os='l2'])"/>
35
[dabbced]36    <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
[cbbd1e4]37    href="../common/glibc.xml"
[3f8be484]38    xpointer="xpointer(//*[@os='b'])"/>
39
[dabbced]40    <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
[cbbd1e4]41    href="../common/glibc.xml"
[3f8be484]42    xpointer="xpointer(//*[@os='e'])"/>
43
[dabbced]44    <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
[cbbd1e4]45    href="../common/glibc.xml"
[3f8be484]46    xpointer="xpointer(//*[@os='f'])"/>
47
[005d85d]48    <para os="l5">Configure Glibc to install its libraries into
[3f8be484]49    <filename class="directory">/lib</filename>:</para>
50
[71cd9de]51<screen os="l6"><userinput>echo "libc_cv_slibdir=/lib" &gt;&gt; config.cache</userinput></screen>
52
53    <para os="l7">Modify the <command>ldd</command> rewrite script to remove
54    <filename class="directory">lib64</filename> and
55    <filename class="directory">libx32</filename> from RTLDLIST.</para>
56
57<screen os="l8"><userinput>sed -i '/RTLDLIST/d' sysdeps/unix/sysv/linux/*/ldd-rewrite.sed</userinput></screen>
[3f8be484]58
[dabbced]59    <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
[cbbd1e4]60    href="../common/glibc.xml"
[3f8be484]61    xpointer="xpointer(//*[@os='g'])"/>
62
[631c8f4]63<screen os="h"><userinput>../glibc-&glibc-version;/configure --prefix=/usr \
[11e2d29]64    --disable-profile --enable-kernel=&glibc-kernel-version; \
[cbbd1e4]65    --libexecdir=/usr/lib/glibc --libdir=/usr/lib \
[f0177f6]66    --enable-obsolete-rpc --cache-file=config.cache</userinput></screen>
[3f8be484]67
[917647cd]68    <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
69    href="../common/glibc.xml"
70    xpointer="xpointer(//*[@os='i'])"/>
[3f8be484]71
[dabbced]72    <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
[cbbd1e4]73    href="../common/glibc.xml"
[3f8be484]74    xpointer="xpointer(//*[@os='j'])"/>
75
[dabbced]76    <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
[cbbd1e4]77    href="../common/glibc.xml"
[3f8be484]78    xpointer="xpointer(//*[@os='k'])"/>
79
[dabbced]80    <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
[cbbd1e4]81    href="../common/glibc.xml"
[3f8be484]82    xpointer="xpointer(//*[@os='l'])"/>
83
[dabbced]84    <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
[cbbd1e4]85    href="../common/glibc.xml"
[3f8be484]86    xpointer="xpointer(//*[@os='m'])"/>
87
[dabbced]88    <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
[cbbd1e4]89    href="../multilib/glibc-64bit.xml"
[3f8be484]90    xpointer="xpointer(//*[@os='n'])"/>
91
[dabbced]92    <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
[cbbd1e4]93    href="../multilib/glibc-64bit.xml"
[3514708]94    xpointer="xpointer(//*[@os='o'])"/>
95
[dabbced]96    <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
[cbbd1e4]97    href="../multilib/glibc-64bit.xml"
[3514708]98    xpointer="xpointer(//*[@os='p'])"/>
99
[dabbced]100    <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
[cbbd1e4]101    href="../common/glibc.xml"
[3f8be484]102    xpointer="xpointer(//*[@os='q'])"/>
103
[dabbced]104    <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
[cbbd1e4]105    href="../common/glibc.xml"
[3f8be484]106    xpointer="xpointer(//*[@os='r'])"/>
107
108    <para>The install will finish by checking that everything is correctly installed.
[5650fbe]109    Unfortunately, it will test for a multilib installation. On x86_64 Pure64 this means
[3f8be484]110    it will try to test the non-existent 32-bit loader which has a different name
111    from the 64-bit loader (unlike on other 64-bit architectures).  We fool it by
112    creating a symlink to the real loader.</para>
113
[cbbd1e4]114    <screen><userinput>ln -sv &glibc-ld-name; /lib/ld-linux.so.2</userinput></screen>
[3f8be484]115
[dabbced]116    <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
[cbbd1e4]117    href="../common/glibc.xml"
[3f8be484]118    xpointer="xpointer(//*[@os='s'])"/>
119
[dabbced]120    <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
[cbbd1e4]121    href="../common/glibc.xml"
[3f8be484]122    xpointer="xpointer(//*[@os='t'])"/>
123
[71cd9de]124    <para>Now we can remove this symlink:</para>
[3f8be484]125
[71cd9de]126    <screen><userinput>rm -v /lib/ld-linux.so.2</userinput></screen>
[3f8be484]127
[cf9aa7e]128    <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
129    href="../common/glibc.xml"
130    xpointer="xpointer(//*[@os='u'])"/>
131
132    <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
133    href="../common/glibc.xml"
134    xpointer="xpointer(//*[@os='v'])"/>
135
136    <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
137    href="../common/glibc.xml"
138    xpointer="xpointer(//*[@os='w'])"/>
139
140    <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
141    href="../common/glibc.xml"
142    xpointer="xpointer(//*[@os='x'])"/>
143
[3f8be484]144  </sect2>
145
[dabbced]146  <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
[cbbd1e4]147  href="../common/glibc.xml"
148  xpointer="xpointer(id('i18n-glibc'))"/>
[3f8be484]149
[dabbced]150  <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
[cbbd1e4]151  href="../common/glibc.xml"
152  xpointer="xpointer(id('conf-glibc'))"/>
[3f8be484]153
[3998188]154  <sect2 id="conf-ld" role="configuration">
155    <title>Configuring The Dynamic Loader</title>
156
157    <indexterm zone="conf-ld">
158      <primary sortas="e-/etc/ld.so.conf">/etc/ld.so.conf</primary>
159    </indexterm>
160
161    <para>By default, the dynamic loader (<filename
162    class="libraryfile">/lib/ld-linux-x86-64.so.2</filename>) searches through
163    <filename class="directory">/lib</filename> and <filename
164    class="directory">/usr/lib</filename> for dynamic libraries that are
165    needed by programs as they are run. However, if there are libraries in
166    directories other than <filename class="directory">/lib</filename> and
167    <filename class="directory">/usr/lib</filename>, these need to be
168    added to the <filename>/etc/ld.so.conf</filename> file in order
169    for the dynamic loader to find them. Two directories that are commonly
170    known to contain additional libraries are <filename
171    class="directory">/usr/local/lib</filename> and <filename
172    class="directory">/opt/lib</filename>, so add those directories to the
173    dynamic loader's search path.</para>
174
[dabbced]175    <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
[cbbd1e4]176    href="../common/glibc.xml"
[3998188]177    xpointer="xpointer(//*[@os='ld-b'])"/>
178
[dabbced]179    <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
[cbbd1e4]180    href="../common/glibc.xml"
[3998188]181    xpointer="xpointer(//*[@os='ld-c'])"/>
182
183  </sect2>
[3f8be484]184
[dabbced]185  <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
[cbbd1e4]186  href="../common/glibc.xml"
187  xpointer="xpointer(id('contents-glibc'))"/>
[3f8be484]188
189</sect1>
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