source: BOOK/final-system/x86/grub.xml @ e318995

systemd
Last change on this file since e318995 was e318995, checked in by William Harrington <kb0iic@…>, 5 years ago

Use clfs.org intead of cross-lfs.org until further notice.

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File size: 8.6 KB
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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3  "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4  <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5  %general-entities;
6]>
7<sect1 id="ch-system-grub" role="wrap">
8  <?dbhtml filename="grub.html"?>
9
10  <title>GRUB-&grub-version;</title>
11
12  <indexterm zone="ch-system-grub">
13    <primary sortas="a-GRUB">GRUB</primary>
14  </indexterm>
15
16  <sect2 role="package">
17    <title/>
18
19    <para>The GRUB package contains the GRand Unified Bootloader.</para>
20
21  </sect2>
22
23  <sect2 role="installation">
24    <title>Installation of GRUB</title>
25
26    <note os="n1">
27      <para>If you would like use a different bootloader than this
28      one you can go to the following link for alternative bootloaders
29      and the instructions to use them.
30      <ulink url="http://trac.clfs.org/wiki/bootloaders"/></para>
31    </note>
32
33    <note os="n2">
34      <para>This package is known to have issues when its default optimization
35      flags (including the <option>-march</option> and <option>-mtune</option>
36      options) are changed. If any environment variables that override default
37      optimizations have been defined, such as <envar>CFLAGS</envar> and
38      <envar>CXXFLAGS</envar>, unset them when building GRUB.</para>
39    </note>
40
41    <para os="s1">Glibc-&glibc-version; does not declare gets():</para>
42
43<screen os="s2"><userinput>sed -i -e '/gets is a/d' grub-core/gnulib/stdio.in.h</userinput></screen>
44
45    <para os="a">Prepare GRUB for compilation:</para>
46
47<screen os="b"><userinput>./configure --prefix=/usr \
48    --sysconfdir=/etc --disable-werror</userinput></screen>
49
50    <para os="c">Compile the package:</para>
51
52<screen os="d"><userinput>make</userinput></screen>
53
54    <para os="e">To test GRUB you must have QEMU installed and then, issue:</para>
55
56<screen os="d2"><userinput remap="test">make check</userinput></screen>
57
58    <para os="f">Install the package:</para>
59
60<screen os="g"><userinput>make install</userinput></screen>
61
62  </sect2>
63
64  <sect2 id="conf-grub" role="configuration">
65    <title>Configuring GRUB</title>
66
67    <indexterm zone="conf-grub">
68      <primary sortas="a-GRUB">GRUB</primary>
69    <secondary>configuring</secondary></indexterm>
70
71    <indexterm zone="conf-grub">
72      <primary sortas="e-/etc/default/grub">/etc/default/grub</primary>
73    </indexterm>
74
75    <para>Now that grub is installed, we need to configure the defaults that
76    will be used to generate the configuration after we install the kernel.
77    Create this file with the following:</para>
78
79<screen><userinput>install -m755 -dv /etc/default
80cat &gt; /etc/default/grub &lt;&lt; "EOF"
81<literal># Begin /etc/default/grub
82
83GRUB_DEFAULT=0
84#GRUB_SAVEDEFAULT=true
85GRUB_HIDDEN_TIMEOUT=
86GRUB_HIDDEN_TIMEOUT_QUIET=false
87GRUB_TIMEOUT=10
88GRUB_DISTRIBUTOR=Cross-LFS
89
90GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=""
91GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT=""
92
93#GRUB_TERMINAL=console
94#GRUB_GFXMODE=640x480
95#GRUB_GFXPAYLOAD_LINUX=keep
96
97#GRUB_DISABLE_LINUX_UUID=true
98#GRUB_DISABLE_LINUX_RECOVERY=true
99
100#GRUB_INIT_TUNE="480 440 1"
101
102#GRUB_DISABLE_OS_PROBER=true
103
104# End /etc/default/grub</literal>
105EOF</userinput></screen>
106
107    <variablelist>
108      <title>The meaning of the above options and possible alternate
109      values:</title>
110
111    <varlistentry>
112      <term><parameter>GRUB_DEFAULT=</parameter></term>
113      <listitem>
114        <para>Write Me</para>
115      </listitem>
116    </varlistentry>
117
118    <varlistentry>
119      <term><parameter>GRUB_SAVEDEFAULT=</parameter></term>
120      <listitem>
121        <para>Write Me</para>
122      </listitem>
123    </varlistentry>
124
125    <varlistentry>
126      <term><parameter>GRUB_HIDDEN_TIMEOUT=</parameter></term>
127      <listitem>
128        <para>Write Me</para>
129      </listitem>
130    </varlistentry>
131
132    <varlistentry>
133      <term><parameter>GRUB_HIDDEN_TIMEOUT_QUIET=</parameter></term>
134      <listitem>
135        <para>Write Me</para>
136      </listitem>
137    </varlistentry>
138
139    <varlistentry>
140      <term><parameter>GRUB_TIMEOUT=</parameter></term>
141      <listitem>
142        <para>Write Me</para>
143      </listitem>
144    </varlistentry>
145
146    <varlistentry>
147      <term><parameter>GRUB_DISTRIBUTOR=</parameter></term>
148      <listitem>
149        <para>Write Me</para>
150      </listitem>
151    </varlistentry>
152
153    <varlistentry>
154      <term><parameter>GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=</parameter></term>
155      <listitem>
156        <para>Write Me</para>
157      </listitem>
158    </varlistentry>
159
160    <varlistentry>
161      <term><parameter>GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT=</parameter></term>
162      <listitem>
163        <para>Write Me</para>
164      </listitem>
165    </varlistentry>
166
167    <varlistentry>
168      <term><parameter>GRUB_TERMINAL=</parameter></term>
169      <listitem>
170        <para>Write Me</para>
171      </listitem>
172    </varlistentry>
173
174    <varlistentry>
175      <term><parameter>GRUB_GFXMODE=</parameter></term>
176      <listitem>
177        <para>Write Me</para>
178      </listitem>
179    </varlistentry>
180
181    <varlistentry>
182      <term><parameter>GRUB_GFXPAYLOAD_LINUX=</parameter></term>
183      <listitem>
184        <para>Write Me</para>
185      </listitem>
186    </varlistentry>
187
188    <varlistentry>
189      <term><parameter>GRUB_DEFAULT=</parameter></term>
190      <listitem>
191        <para>Write Me</para>
192      </listitem>
193    </varlistentry>
194
195    <varlistentry>
196      <term><parameter>GRUB_DISABLE_LINUX_UUID=</parameter></term>
197      <listitem>
198        <para>Write Me</para>
199      </listitem>
200    </varlistentry>
201
202    <varlistentry>
203      <term><parameter>GRUB_DISABLE_LINUX_RECOVERY=</parameter></term>
204      <listitem>
205        <para>Write Me</para>
206      </listitem>
207    </varlistentry>
208
209    <varlistentry>
210      <term><parameter>GRUB_INIT_TUNE=</parameter></term>
211      <listitem>
212        <para>Write Me</para>
213      </listitem>
214    </varlistentry>
215
216    <varlistentry>
217      <term><parameter>GRUB_DISABLE_OS_PROBER=</parameter></term>
218      <listitem>
219        <para>Write Me</para>
220      </listitem>
221    </varlistentry>
222
223    </variablelist>
224
225  </sect2>
226
227  <sect2 id="contents-grub" role="content">
228    <title>Contents of GRUB</title>
229
230    <segmentedlist>
231      <segtitle>Installed programs</segtitle>
232      <segtitle>Installed directories</segtitle>
233
234      <seglistitem>
235        <seg>grub, grub-install, grub-md5-crypt, grub-set-default, grub-terminfo, and mbchk</seg>
236        <seg>/usr/lib/grub, /boot/grub</seg>
237      </seglistitem>
238    </segmentedlist>
239
240    <variablelist>
241      <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Short Descriptions</bridgehead>
242      <?dbfo list-presentation="list"?>
243      <?dbhtml list-presentation="table"?>
244
245      <varlistentry id="grub">
246        <term><command>grub</command></term>
247        <listitem>
248          <para>The Grand Unified Bootloader's command shell</para>
249          <indexterm zone="ch-system-grub grub">
250            <primary sortas="b-grub">grub</primary>
251          </indexterm>
252        </listitem>
253      </varlistentry>
254
255      <varlistentry id="grub-install">
256        <term><command>grub-install</command></term>
257        <listitem>
258          <para>Installs GRUB on the given device</para>
259          <indexterm zone="ch-system-grub grub-install">
260            <primary sortas="b-grub-install">grub-install</primary>
261          </indexterm>
262        </listitem>
263      </varlistentry>
264
265      <varlistentry id="grub-md5-crypt">
266        <term><command>grub-md5-crypt</command></term>
267        <listitem>
268          <para>Encrypts a password in MD5 format</para>
269          <indexterm zone="ch-system-grub grub-md5-crypt">
270            <primary sortas="b-grub-md5-crypt">grub-md5-crypt</primary>
271          </indexterm>
272        </listitem>
273      </varlistentry>
274
275      <varlistentry id="grub-set-default">
276        <term><command>grub-set-default</command></term>
277        <listitem>
278          <para>Sets the default boot entry for GRUB</para>
279          <indexterm zone="ch-system-grub grub-set-default">
280            <primary sortas="b-grub-set-default">grub-set-default</primary>
281          </indexterm>
282        </listitem>
283      </varlistentry>
284
285      <varlistentry id="grub-terminfo">
286        <term><command>grub-terminfo</command></term>
287        <listitem>
288          <para>Generates a terminfo command from a terminfo name; it can be
289          employed if an unknown terminal is being used</para>
290          <indexterm zone="ch-system-grub grub-terminfo">
291            <primary sortas="b-grub-terminfo">grub-terminfo</primary>
292          </indexterm>
293        </listitem>
294      </varlistentry>
295
296      <varlistentry id="mbchk">
297        <term><command>mbchk</command></term>
298        <listitem>
299          <para>Checks the format of a multi-boot kernel</para>
300          <indexterm zone="ch-system-grub mbchk">
301            <primary sortas="b-mbchk">mbchk</primary>
302          </indexterm>
303        </listitem>
304      </varlistentry>
305
306    </variablelist>
307
308  </sect2>
309
310</sect1>
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