source: BOOK/final-system/multilib/perl-64bit.xml @ d3a81ee

clfs-3.0.0-sysvinitsysvinit
Last change on this file since d3a81ee was d3a81ee, checked in by Chris Staub <chris@…>, 9 years ago

Replaced redirection operators with &gt;

  • Property mode set to 100644
File size: 5.0 KB
Line 
1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3  "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4  <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5  %general-entities;
6]>
7
8<sect1 id="ch-system-perl" role="wrap">
9  <?dbhtml filename="perl-64bit.html"?>
10
11  <title>Perl-&perl-version; 64 Bit</title>
12
13  <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl">
14    <primary sortas="a-Perl">Perl</primary>
15  </indexterm>
16
17  <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
18  href="../common/perl.xml"
19  xpointer="xpointer(//*[@role='package'])"/>
20
21  <sect2 role="installation">
22    <title>Installation of Perl</title>
23
24    <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
25    href="../common/perl.xml"
26    xpointer="xpointer(//*[@os='s3'])"/>
27
28<screen os="s4"><userinput>sed -i -e '/^BUILD_ZLIB/s/True/False/' \
29       -e '/^INCLUDE/s,\./zlib-src,/usr/include,' \
30       -e '/^LIB/s,\./zlib-src,/usr/lib64,' \
31       cpan/Compress-Raw-Zlib/config.in</userinput></screen>
32
33    <para os="mp1">Perl does not, by default, know about library directories
34    with names other than <filename class="directory">lib</filename>. The
35    following patch will allow it to install to other directories:</para>
36
37<screen os="mp2"><userinput>patch -Np1 -i ../&perl-multilib-patch;</userinput></screen>
38
39    <para os="s1">There is a further (possibly cosmetic) anomaly - if we
40    install Perl and then run <command>perl -V</command> it will claim that
41    libc is in <filename class="directory">/lib</filename>.  The
42    following sed fixes this, but only takes effect when
43    <command>make install</command> is run:</para>
44
45<screen os="s2"><userinput>sed -i "/libc/s@/lib@/lib64@" hints/linux.sh</userinput></screen>
46
47    <para os="m2">We still need to tell Perl to actually use <filename class="directory">lib64</filename>:</para>
48
49<screen os="m3"><userinput>echo 'installstyle="lib64/perl5"' &gt;&gt; hints/linux.sh</userinput></screen>
50
51    <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
52    href="../common/perl.xml"
53    xpointer="xpointer(//*[@os='a'])"/>
54
55<screen os="b"><userinput>./configure.gnu --prefix=/usr \
56   -Dvendorprefix=/usr \
57   -Dman1dir=/usr/share/man/man1 \
58   -Dman3dir=/usr/share/man/man3 \
59   -Dpager="/bin/less -isR" \
60   -Dlibpth="/usr/local/lib64 /lib64 /usr/lib64" \
61   -Dcc="gcc ${BUILD64}" \
62   -Dusethreads -Duseshrplib</userinput></screen>
63
64    <variablelist os="m4">
65      <title>The meaning of the new configure option:</title>
66
67      <varlistentry>
68        <term><parameter>-Dlibpth="/usr/local/lib64 /lib64 /usr/lib64"</parameter></term>
69        <listitem>
70          <para>This tells Perl to link against the 64-bit libraries.</para>
71        </listitem>
72      </varlistentry>
73
74    <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
75    href="../common/perl.xml"
76    xpointer="xpointer(//*[@os='c1'])"/>
77
78    <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
79    href="../common/perl.xml"
80    xpointer="xpointer(//*[@os='c2'])"/>
81
82    <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
83    href="../common/perl.xml"
84    xpointer="xpointer(//*[@os='c3'])"/>
85
86    <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
87    href="../common/perl.xml"
88    xpointer="xpointer(//*[@os='c4'])"/>
89
90    </variablelist>
91
92    <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
93    href="../common/perl.xml"
94    xpointer="xpointer(//*[@os='d'])"/>
95
96    <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
97    href="../common/perl.xml"
98    xpointer="xpointer(//*[@os='e'])"/>
99
100    <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
101    href="../common/perl.xml"
102    xpointer="xpointer(//*[@os='h'])"/>
103
104    <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
105    href="../common/perl.xml"
106    xpointer="xpointer(//*[@os='h2'])"/>
107
108    <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
109    href="../common/perl.xml"
110    xpointer="xpointer(//*[@os='j'])"/>
111
112    <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
113    href="../common/perl.xml"
114    xpointer="xpointer(//*[@os='k'])"/>
115
116    <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
117    href="perl.xml"
118    xpointer="xpointer(//*[@os='l'])"/>
119
120<screen os="m"><userinput>mv -v /usr/bin/perl{,-64}
121mv -v /usr/bin/perl&perl-version;{,-64}</userinput></screen>
122
123    <para os="n">Now we need to create a link to the multiarch wrapper that
124    lets us choose which perl installation to use:</para>
125
126<screen os="o"><userinput>ln -sv multiarch_wrapper /usr/bin/perl
127ln -sv multiarch_wrapper /usr/bin/perl&perl-version;</userinput></screen>
128
129    <para os="p">The value of the <envar>USE_ARCH</envar> environment variable
130    will decide which perl binary to execute.
131    <command>USE_ARCH=32 perl -V:cc</command> will give the value of CC used to
132    build the 32bit perl. The multiarch_wrapper will help later with building
133    perl extensions and bindings. Without the multiarch_wrapper it is very hard
134    to setup a 32bit extension or binding.</para>
135
136  </sect2>
137
138  <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
139  href="../common/perl.xml"
140  xpointer="xpointer(id('contents-perl'))"/>
141
142</sect1>
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