source: BOOK/final-system/common/vim.xml @ 289562c

clfs-1.2clfs-2.1clfs-3.0.0-systemdclfs-3.0.0-sysvinitsystemdsysvinit
Last change on this file since 289562c was a1fb12f, checked in by Jim Gifford <clfs@…>, 13 years ago

r4023@server (orig r1805): chris | 2006-06-20 15:33:58 -0700
Text/grammar fixes

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File size: 14.5 KB
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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.4//EN"
3  "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.4/docbookx.dtd" [
4  <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5  %general-entities;
6]>
7
8<sect1 id="ch-system-vim" role="wrap">
9  <?dbhtml filename="vim.html"?>
10
11  <title>Vim-&vim-version;</title>
12
13  <indexterm zone="ch-system-vim">
14    <primary sortas="a-Vim">Vim</primary>
15  </indexterm>
16
17  <sect2 role="package">
18    <title/>
19
20    <para>The Vim package contains a powerful text editor.</para>
21
22    <tip>
23      <title>Alternatives to Vim</title>
24
25      <para>If you prefer another editor&mdash;such as Emacs, Joe, or
26      Nano&mdash;please refer to <ulink
27      url="&blfs-root;view/svn/postlfs/editors.html"/>
28      for suggested installation instructions.</para>
29    </tip>
30
31  </sect2>
32
33  <sect2 role="installation">
34    <title>Installation of Vim</title>
35
36    <para os="a">First, unpack both <filename>vim-&vim-version;.tar.bz2</filename>
37    and (optionally) <filename>vim-&vim-version;-lang.tar.gz</filename>
38    archives into the same directory.</para>
39
40    <para os="p1">The following patch contains updates from the maintainer. The
41    maintainer of Vim only releases these patches to fix serious issues.</para>
42
43<screen os="p2"><userinput>patch -Np1 -i ../&vim-fixes-patch;</userinput></screen>
44
45    <para os="b">Change the default location of
46    the <filename>vimrc</filename> configuration file to <filename
47    class="directory">/etc</filename>:</para>
48
49<screen os="c"><userinput>echo '#define SYS_VIMRC_FILE "/etc/vimrc"' &gt;&gt; src/feature.h</userinput></screen>
50
51    <para os="d">Prepare Vim for compilation:</para>
52
53<screen os="e"><userinput>./configure --prefix=/usr --enable-multibyte</userinput></screen>
54
55    <variablelist os="f">
56      <title>The meaning of the configure options:</title>
57
58      <varlistentry>
59        <term><parameter>--enable-multibyte</parameter></term>
60        <listitem>
61          <para>This optional but highly recommended switch enables support
62          for editing files in multibyte character encodings. This is needed
63          if using a locale with a multibyte character set. This switch is
64          also helpful to be able to edit text files initially created in
65          Linux distributions like Fedora Core that use UTF-8 as a default
66          character set.</para>
67        </listitem>
68      </varlistentry>
69
70    </variablelist>
71
72    <para os="g">Compile the package:</para>
73
74<screen os="h"><userinput>make</userinput></screen>
75
76    <para os="i">To test the results, issue: <userinput>make test</userinput>.
77    However, this test suite outputs a lot of binary data to the
78    screen, which can cause issues with the settings of the current terminal.
79    This can be resolved by redirecting the output to a log file.</para>
80
81    <para os="j">Install the package:</para>
82
83<screen os="k"><userinput>make install</userinput></screen>
84
85    <para os="l">Many users are used to using <command>vi</command> instead of
86    <command>vim</command>. To allow execution of <command>vim</command>
87    when users habitually enter <command>vi</command>, create a
88    symlink:</para>
89
90<screen os="m"><userinput>ln -sv vim /usr/bin/vi</userinput></screen>
91
92<para os="n">By default, Vim's documentation is installed in
93<filename class="directory">/usr/share/vim</filename>.  The following symlink
94allows the documentation to be accessed via
95<filename class="directory">/usr/share/doc/vim-&vim-version;</filename>, making
96it consistent with the location of documentation for other packages:</para>
97
98<screen os="o"><userinput>ln -sv ../vim/vim&vim-version2;/doc /usr/share/doc/vim-&vim-version;</userinput></screen>
99
100    <para os="p">If an X Window System is going to be installed on the LFS
101    system, you may want to recompile Vim after installing X. Vim
102    comes with a GUI version of the editor that requires X and some
103    additional libraries to be installed. For more information, refer to the
104    Vim documentation and the Vim installation page
105    in the BLFS book at <ulink
106    url="&blfs-root;view/svn/postlfs/editors.html#postlfs-editors-vim"/>.</para>
107
108  </sect2>
109
110  <sect2 id="conf-vim" role="configuration">
111    <title>Configuring Vim</title>
112
113    <indexterm zone="conf-vim">
114      <primary sortas="e-/etc/vimrc">/etc/vimrc</primary>
115    </indexterm>
116
117    <para>By default, <command>vim</command> runs in vi-incompatible mode.
118    This may be new to users who have used other editors in the past. The
119    <quote>nocompatible</quote> setting is included below to highlight the
120    fact that a new behavior is being used. It also reminds those who would
121    change to <quote>compatible</quote> mode that it should be the first
122    setting in the configuration file. This is necessary because it changes
123    other settings, and overrides must come after this setting. Create a
124    default <command>vim</command> configuration file by running the
125    following:</para>
126
127<screen><userinput>cat &gt; /etc/vimrc &lt;&lt; "EOF"
128<literal>" Begin /etc/vimrc
129
130set nocompatible
131set backspace=2
132syntax on
133if (&amp;term == "iterm") || (&amp;term == "putty")
134  set background=dark
135endif
136
137" End /etc/vimrc</literal>
138EOF</userinput></screen>
139
140
141    <para>The <parameter>set nocompatible</parameter> makes
142    <command>vim</command> behave in a more useful way (the default) than
143    the vi-compatible manner. Remove the <quote>no</quote> to keep the
144    old <command>vi</command> behavior. The <parameter>set
145    backspace=2</parameter> allows backspacing over line breaks,
146    autoindents, and the start of insert. The <parameter>syntax
147    on</parameter> enables vim's syntax highlighting. Finally, the
148    <emphasis>if</emphasis> statement with the <parameter>set
149    background=dark</parameter> corrects <command>vim</command>'s guess
150    about the background color of some terminal emulators. This gives the
151    highlighting a better color scheme for use on the black background of
152    these programs.</para>
153
154    <para>Documentation for other available options can be obtained by
155    running the following command:</para>
156
157<screen role="nodump"><userinput>vim -c ':options'</userinput></screen>
158
159  </sect2>
160
161  <sect2 id="contents-vim" role="content">
162    <title>Contents of Vim</title>
163
164    <segmentedlist>
165      <segtitle>Installed programs</segtitle>
166
167      <seglistitem>
168        <seg>efm_filter.pl, efm_perl.pl, ex (link to vim), less.sh, mve.awk,
169        pltags.pl, ref, rview (link to vim), rvim (link to vim), shtags.pl,
170        tcltags, vi (link to vim), view (link to vim), vim, vim132, vim2html.pl,
171        vimdiff (link to vim), vimm, vimspell.sh, vimtutor, and xxd</seg>
172      </seglistitem>
173    </segmentedlist>
174
175    <variablelist>
176      <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Short Descriptions</bridgehead>
177      <?dbfo list-presentation="list"?>
178      <?dbhtml list-presentation="table"?>
179
180      <varlistentry id="efm_filter.pl">
181        <term><command>efm_filter.pl</command></term>
182        <listitem>
183          <para>A filter for creating an error file that can be read
184          by <command>vim</command></para>
185          <indexterm zone="ch-system-vim efm_filter.pl">
186            <primary sortas="b-efm_filter.pl">efm_filter.pl</primary>
187          </indexterm>
188        </listitem>
189      </varlistentry>
190
191      <varlistentry id="efm_perl.pl">
192        <term><command>efm_perl.pl</command></term>
193        <listitem>
194          <para>Reformats the error messages of the Perl interpreter for use
195          with the <quote>quickfix</quote> mode of <command>vim</command></para>
196          <indexterm zone="ch-system-vim efm_perl.pl">
197            <primary sortas="b-efm_perl.pl">efm_perl.pl</primary>
198          </indexterm>
199        </listitem>
200      </varlistentry>
201
202      <varlistentry id="ex">
203        <term><command>ex</command></term>
204        <listitem>
205          <para>Starts <command>vim</command> in ex mode</para>
206          <indexterm zone="ch-system-vim ex">
207            <primary sortas="b-ex">ex</primary>
208          </indexterm>
209        </listitem>
210      </varlistentry>
211
212      <varlistentry id="less.sh">
213        <term><command>less.sh</command></term>
214        <listitem>
215          <para>A script that starts <command>vim</command> with less.vim</para>
216          <indexterm zone="ch-system-vim less.sh">
217            <primary sortas="b-less.sh">less.sh</primary>
218          </indexterm>
219        </listitem>
220      </varlistentry>
221
222      <varlistentry id="mve.awk">
223        <term><command>mve.awk</command></term>
224        <listitem>
225          <para>Processes <command>vim</command> errors</para>
226          <indexterm zone="ch-system-vim mve.awk">
227            <primary sortas="b-mve.awk">mve.awk</primary>
228          </indexterm>
229        </listitem>
230      </varlistentry>
231
232      <varlistentry id="pltags.pl">
233        <term><command>pltags.pl</command></term>
234        <listitem>
235          <para>Creates a tags file for Perl code for use by
236          <command>vim</command></para>
237          <indexterm zone="ch-system-vim pltags.pl">
238            <primary sortas="b-pltags.pl">pltags.pl</primary>
239          </indexterm>
240        </listitem>
241      </varlistentry>
242
243      <varlistentry id="ref">
244        <term><command>ref</command></term>
245        <listitem>
246          <para>Checks the spelling of arguments</para>
247          <indexterm zone="ch-system-vim ref">
248            <primary sortas="b-ref">ref</primary>
249          </indexterm>
250        </listitem>
251      </varlistentry>
252
253      <varlistentry id="rview">
254        <term><command>rview</command></term>
255        <listitem>
256          <para>Is a restricted version of <command>view</command>; no shell
257          commands can be started and <command>view</command> cannot be
258          suspended</para>
259          <indexterm zone="ch-system-vim rview">
260            <primary sortas="b-rview">rview</primary>
261          </indexterm>
262        </listitem>
263      </varlistentry>
264
265      <varlistentry id="rvim">
266        <term><command>rvim</command></term>
267        <listitem>
268          <para>Is a restricted version of <command>vim</command>; no shell
269          commands can be started and <command>vim</command> cannot be
270          suspended</para>
271          <indexterm zone="ch-system-vim rvim">
272            <primary sortas="b-rvim">rvim</primary>
273          </indexterm>
274        </listitem>
275      </varlistentry>
276
277      <varlistentry id="shtags.pl">
278        <term><command>shtags.pl</command></term>
279        <listitem>
280          <para>Generates a tags file for Perl scripts</para>
281          <indexterm zone="ch-system-vim shtags.pl">
282            <primary sortas="b-shtags.pl">shtags.pl</primary>
283          </indexterm>
284        </listitem>
285      </varlistentry>
286
287      <varlistentry id="tcltags">
288        <term><command>tcltags</command></term>
289        <listitem>
290          <para>Generates a tags file for TCL code</para>
291          <indexterm zone="ch-system-vim tcltags">
292            <primary sortas="b-tcltags">tcltags</primary>
293          </indexterm>
294        </listitem>
295      </varlistentry>
296
297      <varlistentry id="view">
298        <term><command>view</command></term>
299        <listitem>
300          <para>Starts <command>vim</command> in read-only mode</para>
301          <indexterm zone="ch-system-vim view">
302            <primary sortas="b-view">view</primary>
303          </indexterm>
304        </listitem>
305      </varlistentry>
306
307      <varlistentry id="vi">
308        <term><command>vi</command></term>
309        <listitem>
310          <para>Link to <command>vim</command></para>
311          <indexterm zone="ch-system-vim vi">
312            <primary sortas="b-vi">vi</primary>
313          </indexterm>
314        </listitem>
315      </varlistentry>
316
317      <varlistentry id="vim">
318        <term><command>vim</command></term>
319        <listitem>
320          <para>Is the editor</para>
321          <indexterm zone="ch-system-vim vim">
322            <primary sortas="b-vim">vim</primary>
323          </indexterm>
324        </listitem>
325      </varlistentry>
326
327      <varlistentry id="vim132">
328        <term><command>vim132</command></term>
329        <listitem>
330          <para>Starts <command>vim</command> with the terminal in 132-column
331          mode</para>
332          <indexterm zone="ch-system-vim vim132">
333            <primary sortas="b-vim132">vim132</primary>
334          </indexterm>
335        </listitem>
336      </varlistentry>
337
338      <varlistentry id="vim2html.pl">
339        <term><command>vim2html.pl</command></term>
340        <listitem>
341          <para>Converts Vim documentation to HypterText Markup Language
342          (HTML)</para>
343          <indexterm zone="ch-system-vim vim2html.pl">
344            <primary sortas="b-vim2html.pl">vim2html.pl</primary>
345          </indexterm>
346        </listitem>
347      </varlistentry>
348
349      <varlistentry id="vimdiff">
350        <term><command>vimdiff</command></term>
351        <listitem>
352          <para>Edits two or three versions of a file with <command>vim</command>
353          and show differences</para>
354          <indexterm zone="ch-system-vim vimdiff">
355            <primary sortas="b-vimdiff">vimdiff</primary>
356          </indexterm>
357        </listitem>
358      </varlistentry>
359
360      <varlistentry id="vimm">
361        <term><command>vimm</command></term>
362        <listitem>
363          <para>Enables the DEC locator input model on a remote terminal</para>
364          <indexterm zone="ch-system-vim vimm">
365            <primary sortas="b-vimm">vimm</primary>
366          </indexterm>
367        </listitem>
368      </varlistentry>
369
370      <varlistentry id="vimspell.sh">
371        <term><command>vimspell.sh</command></term>
372        <listitem>
373          <para>Spell checks a file and generates the syntax statements
374          necessary to highlight in <command>vim</command>. This script
375          requires the old Unix <command>spell</command> command, which
376          is provided neither in LFS nor in BLFS</para>
377          <indexterm zone="ch-system-vim vimspell.sh">
378            <primary sortas="b-vimspell.sh">vimspell.sh</primary>
379          </indexterm>
380        </listitem>
381      </varlistentry>
382
383      <varlistentry id="vimtutor">
384        <term><command>vimtutor</command></term>
385        <listitem>
386          <para>Teaches the basic keys and commands of
387          <command>vim</command></para>
388          <indexterm zone="ch-system-vim vimtutor">
389            <primary sortas="b-vimtutor">vimtutor</primary>
390          </indexterm>
391        </listitem>
392      </varlistentry>
393
394      <varlistentry id="xxd">
395        <term><command>xxd</command></term>
396        <listitem>
397          <para>Creates a hex dump of the given file; it can
398          also do the reverse, so it can be used for binary patching</para>
399          <indexterm zone="ch-system-vim xxd">
400            <primary sortas="b-xxd">xxd</primary>
401          </indexterm>
402        </listitem>
403      </varlistentry>
404
405    </variablelist>
406
407  </sect2>
408
409</sect1>
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