source: BOOK/final-system/common/procps-ng.xml @ d228eef

clfs-3.0.0-systemdclfs-3.0.0-sysvinitsystemdsysvinit
Last change on this file since d228eef was d228eef, checked in by William Harrington <kb0iic@…>, 9 years ago

Rename procps.xml to procps-ng.xml and adjust all entries for procps-ng and all commands for the installation of procps-ng and remove snice and skill for final-system common procps-ng.

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File size: 8.6 KB
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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3  "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4  <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5  %general-entities;
6]>
7
8<sect1 id="ch-system-procps-ng" role="wrap">
9  <?dbhtml filename="procps-ng.html"?>
10
11  <title>Procps-ng-&procps-ng-version;</title>
12
13  <indexterm zone="ch-system-procps-ng">
14    <primary sortas="a-Procps-ng">Procps-ng</primary>
15  </indexterm>
16
17  <sect2 role="package">
18    <title/>
19
20    <para>The Procps-ng package contains programs for monitoring
21    processes.</para>
22
23  </sect2>
24
25  <sect2 role="installation">
26    <title>Installation of Procps-ng</title>
27
28    <para os="a">Prepare procps-ng for compilation:</para>
29
30<screen os="b"><userinput>./configure --prefix=/usr --exec-prefix= \
31    --libdir=/usr/lib --docdir=/usr/share/doc/procps-ng-&procps-ng-version; \
32    --disable-kill</userinput></screen>
33
34    <variablelist os="c">
35      <title>The meaning of the configure options:</title>   
36      <varlistentry>
37        <term><parameter>--disable-kill</parameter></term>
38        <listitem>
39          <para>This switch disables building the kill command that
40          was installed in the util-linux package.</para>
41        </listitem>
42      </varlistentry>
43    </variablelist>
44
45    <para os="d">Compile the package:</para>
46
47<screen os="e"><userinput>make</userinput></screen>
48
49    <para os="f">Remove the test which fails when scripting does not use a tty
50    device. Run the following commands:</para>
51
52<screen os="g"><userinput remap="test">sed -i -r 's|(pmap_initname)\\\$|\1|' testsuite/pmap.test/pmap.exp
53make check</userinput></screen>
54
55    <para os="h">Install the package:</para>
56
57<screen os="i"><userinput>make install</userinput></screen>
58
59    <para os="j">Move essential files to a location that can be found if <filename class="directory">/usr</filename> is not mounted.</para>
60
61<screen os="k"><userinput>mv -v /usr/bin/pidof /bin
62mv -v /usr/lib/libprocps.so.* /lib
63ln -sfv ../../lib/$(readlink /usr/lib/libprocps.so) /usr/lib/libprocps.so</userinput></screen>
64
65  </sect2>
66
67  <sect2 id="contents-procps-ng" role="content">
68    <title>Contents of Procps-ng</title>
69
70    <segmentedlist>
71      <segtitle>Installed programs</segtitle>
72      <segtitle>Installed library</segtitle>
73
74      <seglistitem>
75        <seg>free, pgrep, pidof, pkill, pmap, ps, pwdx, slabtop, sysctl, tload,
76        top, uptime, vmstat, w, and watch</seg>
77        <seg>libproc.{a,so}</seg>
78      </seglistitem>
79    </segmentedlist>
80
81    <variablelist>
82      <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Short Descriptions</bridgehead>
83      <?dbfo list-presentation="list"?>
84      <?dbhtml list-presentation="table"?>
85
86      <varlistentry id="free">
87        <term><command>free</command></term>
88        <listitem>
89          <para>Reports the amount of free and used memory (both physical and
90          swap memory) in the system</para>
91          <indexterm zone="ch-system-procps-ng free">
92            <primary sortas="b-free">free</primary>
93          </indexterm>
94        </listitem>
95      </varlistentry>
96
97      <varlistentry id="pgrep">
98        <term><command>pgrep</command></term>
99        <listitem>
100          <para>Looks up processes based on their name and other attributes</para>
101          <indexterm zone="ch-system-procps-ng pgrep">
102            <primary sortas="b-pgrep">pgrep</primary>
103          </indexterm>
104        </listitem>
105      </varlistentry>
106
107      <varlistentry id="pidof">
108        <term><command>pidof</command></term>
109        <listitem>
110          <para>Looks up processes based on their name and other attributes</para>
111          <indexterm zone="ch-system-procps-ng pidof">
112            <primary sortas="b-pidof">pidof</primary>
113          </indexterm>
114        </listitem>
115      </varlistentry>
116
117      <varlistentry id="pkill">
118        <term><command>pkill</command></term>
119        <listitem>
120          <para>Signals processes based on their name and other attributes</para>
121          <indexterm zone="ch-system-procps-ng pkill">
122            <primary sortas="b-pkill">pkill</primary>
123          </indexterm>
124        </listitem>
125      </varlistentry>
126
127      <varlistentry id="pmap">
128        <term><command>pmap</command></term>
129        <listitem>
130          <para>Reports the memory map of the given process</para>
131          <indexterm zone="ch-system-procps-ng pmap">
132            <primary sortas="b-pmap">pmap</primary>
133          </indexterm>
134        </listitem>
135      </varlistentry>
136
137      <varlistentry id="ps">
138        <term><command>ps</command></term>
139        <listitem>
140          <para>Lists the current running processes</para>
141          <indexterm zone="ch-system-procps-ng ps">
142            <primary sortas="b-ps">ps</primary>
143          </indexterm>
144        </listitem>
145      </varlistentry>
146
147      <varlistentry id="pwdx">
148        <term><command>pwdx</command></term>
149        <listitem>
150          <para>Reports the current working directory of a process</para>
151          <indexterm zone="ch-system-procps-ng pwdx">
152            <primary sortas="b-pwdx">pwdx</primary>
153          </indexterm>
154        </listitem>
155      </varlistentry>
156
157      <varlistentry id="slabtop">
158        <term><command>slabtop</command></term>
159        <listitem>
160          <para>Displays detailed kernel slab cache information in real time</para>
161          <indexterm zone="ch-system-procps-ng slabtop">
162            <primary sortas="b-slabtop">slabtop</primary>
163          </indexterm>
164        </listitem>
165      </varlistentry>
166
167
168      <varlistentry id="sysctl">
169        <term><command>sysctl</command></term>
170        <listitem>
171          <para>Modifies kernel parameters at run time</para>
172          <indexterm zone="ch-system-procps-ng sysctl">
173            <primary sortas="b-sysctl">sysctl</primary>
174          </indexterm>
175        </listitem>
176      </varlistentry>
177
178      <varlistentry id="tload">
179        <term><command>tload</command></term>
180        <listitem>
181          <para>Prints a graph of the current system load average</para>
182          <indexterm zone="ch-system-procps-ng tload">
183            <primary sortas="b-tload">tload</primary>
184          </indexterm>
185        </listitem>
186      </varlistentry>
187
188      <varlistentry id="top">
189        <term><command>top</command></term>
190        <listitem>
191          <para>Displays a list of the most CPU intensive processes; it
192          provides an ongoing look at processor activity in real time</para>
193          <indexterm zone="ch-system-procps-ng top">
194            <primary sortas="b-top">top</primary>
195          </indexterm>
196        </listitem>
197      </varlistentry>
198
199      <varlistentry id="uptime">
200        <term><command>uptime</command></term>
201        <listitem>
202          <para>Reports how long the system has been running, how many users are
203          logged on, and the system load averages</para>
204          <indexterm zone="ch-system-procps-ng uptime">
205            <primary sortas="b-uptime">uptime</primary>
206          </indexterm>
207        </listitem>
208      </varlistentry>
209
210      <varlistentry id="vmstat">
211        <term><command>vmstat</command></term>
212        <listitem>
213          <para>Reports virtual memory statistics, giving information about
214          processes, memory, paging, block Input/Output (IO), traps, and CPU
215          activity</para>
216          <indexterm zone="ch-system-procps-ng vmstat">
217            <primary sortas="b-vmstat">vmstat</primary>
218          </indexterm>
219        </listitem>
220      </varlistentry>
221
222      <varlistentry id="w">
223        <term><command>w</command></term>
224        <listitem>
225          <para>Shows which users are currently logged on, where, and since
226          when</para>
227          <indexterm zone="ch-system-procps-ng w">
228            <primary sortas="b-w">w</primary>
229          </indexterm>
230        </listitem>
231      </varlistentry>
232
233      <varlistentry id="watch">
234        <term><command>watch</command></term>
235        <listitem>
236          <para>Runs a given command repeatedly, displaying the first
237          screen-full of its output; this allows a user to watch the output
238          change over time</para>
239          <indexterm zone="ch-system-procps-ng watch">
240            <primary sortas="b-watch">watch</primary>
241          </indexterm>
242        </listitem>
243      </varlistentry>
244
245      <varlistentry id="libproc">
246        <term><filename class="libraryfile">libproc</filename></term>
247        <listitem>
248          <para>Contains the functions used by most programs in this
249          package</para>
250          <indexterm zone="ch-system-procps-ng libproc">
251            <primary sortas="c-libproc">libproc</primary>
252          </indexterm>
253        </listitem>
254      </varlistentry>
255
256    </variablelist>
257
258  </sect2>
259
260</sect1>
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