source: BOOK/final-system/common/perl.xml @ 0764f45

clfs-1.2clfs-2.1clfs-3.0.0-systemdclfs-3.0.0-sysvinitsystemdsysvinit
Last change on this file since 0764f45 was 0764f45, checked in by Chris Staub <chris@…>, 15 years ago

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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.4//EN"
3  "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.4/docbookx.dtd" [
4  <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5  %general-entities;
6]>
7
8<sect1 id="ch-system-perl" role="wrap">
9  <?dbhtml filename="perl.html"?>
10
11  <title>Perl-&perl-version;</title>
12
13  <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl">
14    <primary sortas="a-Perl">Perl</primary>
15  </indexterm>
16
17  <sect2 role="package">
18    <title/>
19
20    <para>The Perl package contains the Practical Extraction and Report
21    Language.</para>
22
23  </sect2>
24
25  <sect2 role="installation">
26    <title>Installation of Perl</title>
27
28    <para os="a00">Before starting to configure, create a basic
29    <filename>/etc/hosts</filename> file which will be referenced in one
30    of Perl's configuration files as well as being used used by the testsuite
31    if you run that:</para>
32
33<screen os="a01"><userinput>echo "127.0.0.1 localhost $(hostname)" &gt; /etc/hosts</userinput></screen>
34
35    <para os="a">To have full control over the way Perl is set up, run the
36    interactive <command>Configure</command> script and hand-pick the way
37    this package is built. If the defaults it auto-detects are suitable,
38    prepare Perl for compilation with:</para>
39
40<screen os="b"><userinput>./configure.gnu --prefix=/usr \
41   -Dman1dir=/usr/share/man/man1 \
42   -Dman3dir=/usr/share/man/man3 \
43   -Dpager="/bin/less -isR" \
44   -Dusethreads</userinput></screen>
45
46    <variablelist os="c">
47      <title>The meaning of the configure option:</title>
48
49      <varlistentry os="c1">
50        <term><parameter>-Dpager="/bin/less -isR"</parameter></term>
51        <listitem>
52          <para>This corrects an error in the way that <command>perldoc</command>
53          invokes the <command>less</command> program.</para>
54        </listitem>
55      </varlistentry>
56      <varlistentry os="c2">
57        <term><parameter>-Dman1dir=/usr/share/man/man1 -Dman3dir=/usr/share/man/man3</parameter></term>
58        <listitem>
59          <para>Since Groff is not installed yet,
60          <command>configure.gnu</command> thinks that we do not want
61          man pages for Perl. Issuing these parameters overrides this decision.</para>
62        </listitem>
63      </varlistentry>
64      <varlistentry os="c3">
65        <term><parameter>-Dusethreads</parameter></term>
66        <listitem>
67          <para>This tells Perl to use threads.</para>
68        </listitem>
69      </varlistentry>
70    </variablelist>
71
72    <para os="d">Compile the package:</para>
73
74<screen os="e"><userinput>make</userinput></screen>
75
76    <para os="h">To test the results, issue:
77    <userinput>make test</userinput>.</para>
78
79    <para os="j">Install the package:</para>
80
81<screen os="k"><userinput>make install</userinput></screen>
82
83  </sect2>
84
85  <sect2 id="contents-perl" role="content">
86    <title>Contents of Perl</title>
87
88    <segmentedlist>
89      <segtitle>Installed programs</segtitle>
90      <segtitle>Installed libraries</segtitle>
91
92      <seglistitem>
93        <seg>a2p, c2ph, cpan, dprofpp, enc2xs, find2perl, h2ph, h2xs, instmodsh, libnetcfg,
94        perl, perl&perl-version; (link to perl), perlbug, perlcc, perldoc,
95        perlivp, piconv, pl2pm, pod2html, pod2latex, pod2man, pod2text,
96        pod2usage, podchecker, podselect, prove, psed (link to s2p), pstruct (link
97        to c2ph), s2p, splain, and xsubpp</seg>
98        <seg>Several hundred which cannot all be listed here</seg>
99      </seglistitem>
100    </segmentedlist>
101
102    <variablelist>
103      <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Short Descriptions</bridgehead>
104      <?dbfo list-presentation="list"?>
105      <?dbhtml list-presentation="table"?>
106
107      <varlistentry id="a2p">
108        <term><command>a2p</command></term>
109        <listitem>
110          <para>Translates awk to Perl</para>
111          <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl a2p">
112            <primary sortas="b-a2p">a2p</primary>
113          </indexterm>
114        </listitem>
115      </varlistentry>
116
117      <varlistentry id="c2ph">
118        <term><command>c2ph</command></term>
119        <listitem>
120          <para>Dumps C structures as generated from
121          <command>cc -g -S</command></para>
122          <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl c2ph">
123            <primary sortas="b-c2ph">c2ph</primary>
124          </indexterm>
125        </listitem>
126      </varlistentry>
127
128      <varlistentry id="cpan">
129        <term><command>cpan</command></term>
130        <listitem>
131          <para>Shell script that provides a command interface to CPAN.pm</para>
132          <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl cpan">
133            <primary sortas="b-cpan">cpan</primary>
134          </indexterm>
135        </listitem>
136      </varlistentry>
137
138      <varlistentry id="dprofpp">
139        <term><command>dprofpp</command></term>
140        <listitem>
141          <para>Displays Perl profile data</para>
142          <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl dprofpp">
143            <primary sortas="b-dprofpp">dprofpp</primary>
144          </indexterm>
145        </listitem>
146      </varlistentry>
147
148      <varlistentry id="enc2xs">
149        <term><command>enc2xs</command></term>
150        <listitem>
151          <para>Builds a Perl extension for the Encode module from either
152          Unicode Character Mappings or Tcl Encoding Files</para>
153          <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl enc2xs">
154            <primary sortas="b-enc2xs">enc2xs</primary>
155          </indexterm>
156        </listitem>
157      </varlistentry>
158
159      <varlistentry id="find2perl">
160        <term><command>find2perl</command></term>
161        <listitem>
162          <para>Translates <command>find</command> commands to Perl</para>
163          <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl find2perl">
164            <primary sortas="b-find2perl">find2perl</primary>
165          </indexterm>
166        </listitem>
167      </varlistentry>
168
169      <varlistentry id="h2ph">
170        <term><command>h2ph</command></term>
171        <listitem>
172          <para>Converts <filename class="extension">.h</filename> C header
173          files to <filename class="extension">.ph</filename> Perl header
174          files</para>
175          <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl h2ph">
176            <primary sortas="b-h2ph">h2ph</primary>
177          </indexterm>
178        </listitem>
179      </varlistentry>
180
181      <varlistentry id="h2xs">
182        <term><command>h2xs</command></term>
183        <listitem>
184          <para>Converts <filename class="extension">.h</filename> C header
185          files to Perl extensions</para>
186          <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl h2xs">
187            <primary sortas="b-h2xs">h2xs</primary>
188          </indexterm>
189        </listitem>
190      </varlistentry>
191
192      <varlistentry id="libnetcfg">
193        <term><command>libnetcfg</command></term>
194        <listitem>
195          <para>Can be used to configure the
196          <filename class="libraryfile">libnet</filename></para>
197          <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl libnetcfg">
198            <primary sortas="b-libnetcfg">libnetcfg</primary>
199          </indexterm>
200        </listitem>
201      </varlistentry>
202
203      <varlistentry id="instmodsh">
204        <term><command>instmodsh</command></term>
205        <listitem>
206          <para>A shell script for examining installed Perl modules,
207          and can even create a tarball from an installed module</para>
208          <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl instmodsh">
209            <primary sortas="b-instmodsh">instmodsh</primary>
210          </indexterm>
211        </listitem>
212      </varlistentry>
213
214      <varlistentry id="perl">
215        <term><command>perl</command></term>
216        <listitem>
217          <para>Combines some of the best features of C, <command>sed</command>,
218          <command>awk</command> and <command>sh</command> into a single
219          swiss-army-knife language</para>
220          <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl perl">
221            <primary sortas="b-perl">perl</primary>
222          </indexterm>
223        </listitem>
224      </varlistentry>
225
226      <varlistentry id="perl-version">
227        <term><command>perl&perl-version;</command></term>
228        <listitem>
229          <para>A hard link to <command>perl</command></para>
230          <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl perl-version">
231            <primary sortas="b-perl&perl-version;">perl&perl-version;</primary>
232          </indexterm>
233        </listitem>
234      </varlistentry>
235
236      <varlistentry id="perlbug">
237        <term><command>perlbug</command></term>
238        <listitem>
239          <para>Used to generate bug reports about Perl, or the modules that come
240          with it, and mail them</para>
241          <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl perlbug">
242            <primary sortas="b-perlbug">perlbug</primary>
243          </indexterm>
244        </listitem>
245      </varlistentry>
246
247      <varlistentry id="perlcc">
248        <term><command>perlcc</command></term>
249        <listitem>
250          <para>Generates executables from Perl programs</para>
251          <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl perlcc">
252            <primary sortas="b-perlcc">perlcc</primary>
253          </indexterm>
254        </listitem>
255      </varlistentry>
256
257      <varlistentry id="perldoc">
258        <term><command>perldoc</command></term>
259        <listitem>
260          <para>Displays a piece of documentation in pod format that is embedded
261          in the Perl installation tree or in a Perl script</para>
262          <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl perldoc">
263            <primary sortas="b-perldoc">perldoc</primary>
264          </indexterm>
265        </listitem>
266      </varlistentry>
267
268      <varlistentry id="perlivp">
269        <term><command>perlivp</command></term>
270        <listitem>
271          <para>The Perl Installation Verification Procedure; it can be used to
272          verify that Perl and its libraries have been installed
273          correctly</para>
274          <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl perlivp">
275            <primary sortas="b-perlivp">perlivp</primary>
276          </indexterm>
277        </listitem>
278      </varlistentry>
279
280      <varlistentry id="piconv">
281        <term><command>piconv</command></term>
282        <listitem>
283          <para>A Perl version of the character encoding converter
284          <command>iconv</command></para>
285          <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl piconv">
286            <primary sortas="b-piconv">piconv</primary>
287          </indexterm>
288        </listitem>
289      </varlistentry>
290
291      <varlistentry id="pl2pm">
292        <term><command>pl2pm</command></term>
293        <listitem>
294          <para>A rough tool for converting Perl4
295          <filename class="extension">.pl</filename> files to Perl5
296          <filename class="extension">.pm</filename> modules</para>
297          <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl pl2pm">
298            <primary sortas="b-pl2pm">pl2pm</primary>
299          </indexterm>
300        </listitem>
301      </varlistentry>
302
303      <varlistentry id="pod2html">
304        <term><command>pod2html</command></term>
305        <listitem>
306          <para>Converts files from pod format to HTML format</para>
307          <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl pod2html">
308            <primary sortas="b-pod2html">pod2html</primary>
309          </indexterm>
310        </listitem>
311      </varlistentry>
312
313      <varlistentry id="pod2latex">
314        <term><command>pod2latex</command></term>
315        <listitem>
316          <para>Converts files from pod format to LaTeX format</para>
317          <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl pod2latex">
318            <primary sortas="b-pod2latex">pod2latex</primary>
319          </indexterm>
320        </listitem>
321      </varlistentry>
322
323      <varlistentry id="pod2man">
324        <term><command>pod2man</command></term>
325        <listitem>
326          <para>Converts pod data to formatted *roff input</para>
327          <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl pod2man">
328            <primary sortas="b-pod2man">pod2man</primary>
329          </indexterm>
330        </listitem>
331      </varlistentry>
332
333      <varlistentry id="pod2text">
334        <term><command>pod2text</command></term>
335        <listitem>
336          <para>Converts pod data to formatted ASCII text</para>
337          <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl pod2text">
338            <primary sortas="b-pod2text">pod2text</primary>
339          </indexterm>
340        </listitem>
341      </varlistentry>
342
343      <varlistentry id="pod2usage">
344        <term><command>pod2usage</command></term>
345        <listitem>
346          <para>Prints usage messages from embedded pod docs in files</para>
347          <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl pod2usage">
348            <primary sortas="b-pod2usage">pod2usage</primary>
349          </indexterm>
350        </listitem>
351      </varlistentry>
352
353      <varlistentry id="podchecker">
354        <term><command>podchecker</command></term>
355        <listitem>
356          <para>Checks the syntax of pod format documentation files</para>
357          <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl podchecker">
358            <primary sortas="b-podchecker">podchecker</primary>
359          </indexterm>
360        </listitem>
361      </varlistentry>
362
363      <varlistentry id="podselect">
364        <term><command>podselect</command></term>
365        <listitem>
366          <para>Displays selected sections of pod documentation</para>
367          <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl podselect">
368            <primary sortas="b-podselect">podselect</primary>
369          </indexterm>
370        </listitem>
371      </varlistentry>
372
373      <varlistentry id="prove">
374        <term><command>prove</command></term>
375        <listitem>
376          <para>A command-line tool for running tests against Test::Harness</para>
377          <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl prove">
378            <primary sortas="b-prove">prove</primary>
379          </indexterm>
380        </listitem>
381      </varlistentry>
382
383      <varlistentry id="psed">
384        <term><command>psed</command></term>
385        <listitem>
386          <para>A Perl version of the stream editor <command>sed</command></para>
387          <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl psed">
388            <primary sortas="b-psed">psed</primary>
389          </indexterm>
390        </listitem>
391      </varlistentry>
392
393      <varlistentry id="pstruct">
394        <term><command>pstruct</command></term>
395        <listitem>
396          <para>Dumps C structures as generated from <command>cc -g -S</command>
397          stabs</para>
398          <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl pstruct">
399            <primary sortas="b-pstruct">pstruct</primary>
400          </indexterm>
401        </listitem>
402      </varlistentry>
403
404      <varlistentry id="s2p">
405        <term><command>s2p</command></term>
406        <listitem>
407          <para>Translates <command>sed</command> to Perl</para>
408          <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl s2p">
409            <primary sortas="b-s2p">s2p</primary>
410          </indexterm>
411        </listitem>
412      </varlistentry>
413
414      <varlistentry id="splain">
415        <term><command>splain</command></term>
416        <listitem>
417          <para>Is used to force verbose warning diagnostics in Perl</para>
418          <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl splain">
419            <primary sortas="b-splain">splain</primary>
420          </indexterm>
421        </listitem>
422      </varlistentry>
423
424      <varlistentry id="xsubpp">
425        <term><command>xsubpp</command></term>
426        <listitem>
427          <para>Converts Perl XS code into C code</para>
428          <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl xsubpp">
429            <primary sortas="b-xsubpp">xsubpp</primary>
430          </indexterm>
431        </listitem>
432      </varlistentry>
433
434    </variablelist>
435
436  </sect2>
437
438</sect1>
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