source: BOOK/final-system/common/e2fsprogs.xml @ 27931b9

clfs-1.2clfs-2.1clfs-3.0.0-systemdclfs-3.0.0-sysvinitsystemdsysvinit
Last change on this file since 27931b9 was 27931b9, checked in by Joe Ciccone <jciccone@…>, 11 years ago

Remove the hackery from E2fsprogs that allows it to bypass pkg-config
and just rely on pkg-config now that we have it.

  • Property mode set to 100644
File size: 17.0 KB
Line 
1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3  "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4  <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5  %general-entities;
6]>
7
8<sect1 id="ch-system-e2fsprogs" role="wrap">
9  <?dbhtml filename="e2fsprogs.html"?>
10
11  <title>E2fsprogs-&e2fsprogs-version;</title>
12
13  <indexterm zone="ch-system-e2fsprogs">
14    <primary sortas="a-E2fsprogs">E2fsprogs</primary>
15  </indexterm>
16
17  <sect2 role="package">
18    <title/>
19
20    <para>The E2fsprogs package contains the utilities for handling the
21    <systemitem class="filesystem">ext2</systemitem> file system. It also
22    supports the <systemitem class="filesystem">ext3</systemitem> and
23    <systemitem class="filesystem">ext4</systemitem> journaling
24    file systems.</para>
25
26  </sect2>
27
28  <sect2 role="installation">
29    <title>Installation of E2fsprogs</title>
30
31    <para os="a">The E2fsprogs documentation recommends that the package be
32    built in a subdirectory of the source tree:</para>
33
34<screen os="b"><userinput>mkdir -v build
35cd build</userinput></screen>
36
37    <para os="c">Prepare E2fsprogs for compilation:</para>
38
39<screen os="d"><userinput>../configure --prefix=/usr --with-root-prefix="" \
40    --enable-elf-shlibs --disable-libblkid \
41    --disable-libuuid --disable-fsck \
42    --disable-uuidd</userinput></screen>
43
44    <variablelist os="e">
45      <title>The meaning of the configure options:</title>
46
47      <varlistentry os="e1">
48        <term><parameter>--with-root-prefix=""</parameter></term>
49        <listitem>
50          <para>Certain programs (such as the <command>e2fsck</command>
51          program) are considered essential programs. When, for example,
52          <filename class="directory">/usr</filename> is not mounted,
53          these programs still need to be available. They belong in
54          directories like <filename class="directory">/lib</filename> and
55          <filename class="directory">/sbin</filename>. If this option is
56          not passed to E2fsprogs' configure, the programs are installed into
57          the <filename class="directory">/usr</filename> directory.</para>
58        </listitem>
59      </varlistentry>
60
61      <varlistentry os="e2">
62        <term><parameter>--enable-elf-shlibs</parameter></term>
63        <listitem>
64          <para>This creates the shared libraries which some programs
65          in this package use.</para>
66        </listitem>
67      </varlistentry>
68
69    </variablelist>
70
71    <para os="f">Compile the package:</para>
72
73<screen os="g"><userinput>make</userinput></screen>
74
75    <para os="h">To test the results, issue:
76    <userinput>make check</userinput>.</para>
77
78    <para os="i">Install the binaries, documentation and shared libraries:</para>
79
80<screen os="j"><userinput>make install</userinput></screen>
81
82    <para os="k">Install the static libraries and headers:</para>
83
84<screen os="l"><userinput>make install-libs</userinput></screen>
85
86  </sect2>
87
88  <sect2 id="contents-e2fsprogs" role="content">
89    <title>Contents of E2fsprogs</title>
90
91    <segmentedlist>
92      <segtitle>Installed programs</segtitle>
93      <segtitle>Installed libraries</segtitle>
94      <segtitle>Installed directories</segtitle>
95
96      <seglistitem>
97        <seg>badblocks, chattr, compile_et, debugfs, dumpe2fs, e2freefrag,
98        e2fsck, e2image, e2initrd_helper, e2label, e2undo, filefrag, fsck.ext2,
99        fsck.ext3, fsck.ext4, fsck.ext4dev, logsave, lsattr, mk_cmds, mke2fs,
100        mkfs.ext2, mkfs.ext3, mkfs.ext4, mkfs.ext4dev, mklost+found, resize2fs,
101        and tune2fs</seg>
102        <seg>libcom_err.[a,so], libe2p.[a,so], libext2fs.[a,so], and
103        libss.[a,so]</seg>
104        <seg>/usr/include/e2p, /usr/include/et, /usr/include/ext2fs,
105        /usr/include/ss, /usr/share/et, /usr/share/ss</seg>
106      </seglistitem>
107    </segmentedlist>
108
109    <variablelist>
110      <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Short Descriptions</bridgehead>
111      <?dbfo list-presentation="list"?>
112      <?dbhtml list-presentation="table"?>
113
114      <varlistentry id="badblocks">
115        <term><command>badblocks</command></term>
116        <listitem>
117          <para>Searches a device (usually a disk partition) for bad
118          blocks</para>
119          <indexterm zone="ch-system-e2fsprogs badblocks">
120            <primary sortas="b-badblocks">badblocks</primary>
121          </indexterm>
122        </listitem>
123      </varlistentry>
124
125      <varlistentry id="chattr">
126        <term><command>chattr</command></term>
127        <listitem>
128          <para>Changes the attributes of files on an <systemitem
129          class="filesystem">ext2</systemitem> file system; it also
130          changes <systemitem class="filesystem">ext3</systemitem>
131          file systems, the journaling version of <systemitem
132          class="filesystem">ext2</systemitem> file systems</para>
133          <indexterm zone="ch-system-e2fsprogs chattr">
134            <primary sortas="b-chattr">chattr</primary>
135          </indexterm>
136        </listitem>
137      </varlistentry>
138
139      <varlistentry id="compile_et">
140        <term><command>compile_et</command></term>
141        <listitem>
142          <para>An error table compiler; it converts a table of error-code
143          names and messages into a C source file suitable for use with the
144          <filename class="libraryfile">com_err</filename> library</para>
145          <indexterm zone="ch-system-e2fsprogs compile_et">
146            <primary sortas="b-compile_et">compile_et</primary>
147          </indexterm>
148        </listitem>
149      </varlistentry>
150
151      <varlistentry id="debugfs">
152        <term><command>debugfs</command></term>
153        <listitem>
154          <para>A file system debugger; it can be used to examine and change
155          the state of an <systemitem class="filesystem">ext2</systemitem>
156          file system</para>
157          <indexterm zone="ch-system-e2fsprogs debugfs">
158            <primary sortas="b-debugfs">debugfs</primary>
159          </indexterm>
160        </listitem>
161      </varlistentry>
162
163      <varlistentry id="dumpe2fs">
164        <term><command>dumpe2fs</command></term>
165        <listitem>
166          <para>Prints the super block and blocks group information for the
167          file system present on a given device</para>
168          <indexterm zone="ch-system-e2fsprogs dumpe2fs">
169            <primary sortas="b-dumpe2fs">dumpe2fs</primary>
170          </indexterm>
171        </listitem>
172      </varlistentry>
173
174      <varlistentry id="e2freefrag">
175        <term><command>e2freefrag</command></term>
176        <listitem>
177          <para> Reports free space fragmentation information</para>
178          <indexterm zone="ch-system-e2fsprogs e2freefrag">
179            <primary sortas="b-e2freefrag">e2freefrag</primary>
180          </indexterm>
181        </listitem>
182      </varlistentry>
183
184      <varlistentry id="e2fsck">
185        <term><command>e2fsck</command></term>
186        <listitem>
187          <para>Is used to check, and optionally repair <systemitem
188          class="filesystem">ext2</systemitem> file systems and <systemitem
189          class="filesystem">ext3</systemitem> file systems</para>
190          <indexterm zone="ch-system-e2fsprogs e2fsck">
191            <primary sortas="b-e2fsck">e2fsck</primary>
192          </indexterm>
193        </listitem>
194      </varlistentry>
195
196      <varlistentry id="e2image">
197        <term><command>e2image</command></term>
198        <listitem>
199          <para>Is used to save critical <systemitem
200          class="filesystem">ext2</systemitem> file system data to a file</para>
201          <indexterm zone="ch-system-e2fsprogs e2image">
202            <primary sortas="b-e2image">e2image</primary>
203          </indexterm>
204        </listitem>
205      </varlistentry>
206
207      <varlistentry id="e2initrd_helper">
208        <term><command>e2initrd_helper</command></term>
209        <listitem>
210          <para>Prints the FS type of a given filesystem, given either a
211          device name or label</para>
212          <indexterm zone="ch-system-e2fsprogs e2initrd_helper">
213            <primary sortas="b-e2initrd_helper">e2initrd_helper</primary>
214          </indexterm>
215        </listitem>
216      </varlistentry>
217
218      <varlistentry id="e2label">
219        <term><command>e2label</command></term>
220        <listitem>
221          <para>Displays or changes the file system label on the <systemitem
222          class="filesystem">ext2</systemitem> file system present on a given
223          device</para>
224          <indexterm zone="ch-system-e2fsprogs e2label">
225            <primary sortas="b-e2label">e2label</primary>
226          </indexterm>
227        </listitem>
228      </varlistentry>
229
230      <varlistentry id="e2undo">
231        <term><command>e2undo</command></term>
232        <listitem>
233          <para>Replays an undo log for an ext2/ext3/ext4 filesystem</para>
234          <indexterm zone="ch-system-e2fsprogs e2undo">
235            <primary sortas="b-e2undo">e2undo</primary>
236          </indexterm>
237        </listitem>
238      </varlistentry>
239
240      <varlistentry id="filefrag">
241        <term><command>filefrag</command></term>
242        <listitem>
243          <para>Reports on how badly fragmented a particular file might be</para>
244          <indexterm zone="ch-system-e2fsprogs filefrag">
245            <primary sortas="b-filefrag">filefrag</primary>
246          </indexterm>
247        </listitem>
248      </varlistentry>
249
250      <varlistentry id="fsck.ext2">
251        <term><command>fsck.ext2</command></term>
252        <listitem>
253          <para>By default checks <systemitem class="filesystem">ext2</systemitem>
254          file systems</para>
255          <indexterm zone="ch-system-e2fsprogs fsck.ext2">
256            <primary sortas="b-fsck.ext2">fsck.ext2</primary>
257          </indexterm>
258        </listitem>
259      </varlistentry>
260
261      <varlistentry id="fsck.ext3">
262        <term><command>fsck.ext3</command></term>
263        <listitem>
264          <para>By default checks <systemitem class="filesystem">ext3</systemitem>
265          file systems</para>
266          <indexterm zone="ch-system-e2fsprogs fsck.ext3">
267            <primary sortas="b-fsck.ext3">fsck.ext3</primary>
268          </indexterm>
269        </listitem>
270      </varlistentry>
271
272      <varlistentry id="fsck.ext4">
273        <term><command>fsck.ext4</command></term>
274        <listitem>
275          <para>By default checks <systemitem class="filesystem">ext4</systemitem>
276          file systems</para>
277          <indexterm zone="ch-system-e2fsprogs fsck.ext4">
278            <primary sortas="b-fsck.ext4">fsck.ext4</primary>
279          </indexterm>
280        </listitem>
281      </varlistentry>
282
283      <varlistentry id="fsck.ext4dev">
284        <term><command>fsck.ext4dev</command></term>
285        <listitem>
286          <para>By default checks <systemitem class="filesystem">ext4dev</systemitem>
287          file systems</para>
288          <indexterm zone="ch-system-e2fsprogs fsck.ext4dev">
289            <primary sortas="b-fsck.ext4dev">fsck.ext4dev</primary>
290          </indexterm>
291        </listitem>
292      </varlistentry>
293
294      <varlistentry id="logsave">
295        <term><command>logsave</command></term>
296        <listitem>
297          <para>Saves the output of a command in a log file</para>
298          <indexterm zone="ch-system-e2fsprogs logsave">
299            <primary sortas="b-logsave">logsave</primary>
300          </indexterm>
301        </listitem>
302      </varlistentry>
303
304      <varlistentry id="lsattr">
305        <term><command>lsattr</command></term>
306        <listitem>
307          <para>Lists the attributes of files on a second extended file
308          system</para>
309          <indexterm zone="ch-system-e2fsprogs lsattr">
310            <primary sortas="b-lsattr">lsattr</primary>
311          </indexterm>
312        </listitem>
313      </varlistentry>
314
315      <varlistentry id="mk_cmds">
316        <term><command>mk_cmds</command></term>
317        <listitem>
318          <para>Converts a table of command names and help messages into a C
319          source file suitable for use with the <filename
320          class="libraryfile">libss</filename> subsystem library</para>
321          <indexterm zone="ch-system-e2fsprogs mk_cmds">
322            <primary sortas="b-mk_cmds">mk_cmds</primary>
323          </indexterm>
324        </listitem>
325      </varlistentry>
326
327      <varlistentry id="mke2fs">
328        <term><command>mke2fs</command></term>
329        <listitem>
330          <para>Creates an <systemitem class="filesystem">ext2</systemitem>
331          or <systemitem class="filesystem">ext3</systemitem> file system on
332          the given device</para>
333          <indexterm zone="ch-system-e2fsprogs mke2fs">
334            <primary sortas="b-mke2fs">mke2fs</primary>
335          </indexterm>
336        </listitem>
337      </varlistentry>
338
339      <varlistentry id="mkfs.ext2">
340        <term><command>mkfs.ext2</command></term>
341        <listitem>
342          <para>By default creates <systemitem class="filesystem">ext2</systemitem>
343          file systems</para>
344          <indexterm zone="ch-system-e2fsprogs mkfs.ext2">
345            <primary sortas="b-mkfs.ext2">mkfs.ext2</primary>
346          </indexterm>
347        </listitem>
348      </varlistentry>
349
350      <varlistentry id="mkfs.ext3">
351        <term><command>mkfs.ext3</command></term>
352        <listitem>
353          <para>By default creates <systemitem class="filesystem">ext3</systemitem>
354          file systems</para>
355          <indexterm zone="ch-system-e2fsprogs mkfs.ext3">
356            <primary sortas="b-mkfs.ext3">mkfs.ext3</primary>
357          </indexterm>
358        </listitem>
359      </varlistentry>
360
361      <varlistentry id="mkfs.ext4">
362        <term><command>mkfs.ext4</command></term>
363        <listitem>
364          <para>By default creates <systemitem class="filesystem">ext4</systemitem>
365          file systems</para>
366          <indexterm zone="ch-system-e2fsprogs mkfs.ext4">
367            <primary sortas="b-mkfs.ext4">mkfs.ext4</primary>
368          </indexterm>
369        </listitem>
370      </varlistentry>
371
372      <varlistentry id="mkfs.ext4dev">
373        <term><command>mkfs.ext4dev</command></term>
374        <listitem>
375          <para>By default creates <systemitem class="filesystem">ext4dev</systemitem>
376          file systems</para>
377          <indexterm zone="ch-system-e2fsprogs mkfs.ext4dev">
378            <primary sortas="b-mkfs.ext4dev">mkfs.ext4dev</primary>
379          </indexterm>
380        </listitem>
381      </varlistentry>
382
383      <varlistentry id="mklost-found">
384        <term><command>mklost+found</command></term>
385        <listitem>
386          <para>Used to create a <filename class="directory">lost+found</filename>
387          directory on an <systemitem class="filesystem">ext2</systemitem> file
388          system; it pre-allocates disk blocks to this directory to lighten the
389          task of <command>e2fsck</command></para>
390          <indexterm zone="ch-system-e2fsprogs mklost-found">
391            <primary sortas="b-mklost+found">mklost+found</primary>
392          </indexterm>
393        </listitem>
394      </varlistentry>
395
396      <varlistentry id="resize2fs">
397        <term><command>resize2fs</command></term>
398        <listitem>
399          <para>Can be used to enlarge or shrink an <systemitem
400          class="filesystem">ext2</systemitem> file system</para>
401          <indexterm zone="ch-system-e2fsprogs resize2fs">
402            <primary sortas="b-resize2fs">resize2fs</primary>
403          </indexterm>
404        </listitem>
405      </varlistentry>
406
407      <varlistentry id="tune2fs">
408        <term><command>tune2fs</command></term>
409        <listitem>
410          <para>Adjusts tunable file system parameters on an <systemitem
411          class="filesystem">ext2</systemitem> file system</para>
412          <indexterm zone="ch-system-e2fsprogs tune2fs">
413            <primary sortas="b-tune2fs">tune2fs</primary>
414          </indexterm>
415        </listitem>
416      </varlistentry>
417
418      <varlistentry id="libcom_err">
419        <term><filename class="libraryfile">libcom_err</filename></term>
420        <listitem>
421          <para>The common error display routine</para>
422          <indexterm zone="ch-system-e2fsprogs libcom_err">
423            <primary sortas="c-libcom_err">libcom_err</primary>
424          </indexterm>
425        </listitem>
426      </varlistentry>
427
428      <varlistentry id="libe2p">
429        <term><filename class="libraryfile">libe2p</filename></term>
430        <listitem>
431          <para>Used by <command>dumpe2fs</command>, <command>chattr</command>,
432          and <command>lsattr</command></para>
433          <indexterm zone="ch-system-e2fsprogs libe2p">
434            <primary sortas="c-libe2p">libe2p</primary>
435          </indexterm>
436        </listitem>
437      </varlistentry>
438
439      <varlistentry id="libext2fs">
440        <term><filename class="libraryfile">libext2fs</filename></term>
441        <listitem>
442          <para>Contains routines to enable user-level programs to manipulate an
443          <systemitem class="filesystem">ext2</systemitem> file system</para>
444          <indexterm zone="ch-system-e2fsprogs libext2fs">
445            <primary sortas="c-libext2fs">libext2fs</primary>
446          </indexterm>
447        </listitem>
448      </varlistentry>
449
450      <varlistentry id="libss">
451        <term><filename class="libraryfile">libss</filename></term>
452        <listitem>
453          <para>Used by <command>debugfs</command></para>
454          <indexterm zone="ch-system-e2fsprogs libss">
455            <primary sortas="c-libss">libss</primary>
456          </indexterm>
457        </listitem>
458      </varlistentry>
459
460    </variablelist>
461
462  </sect2>
463
464</sect1>
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