source: BOOK/chroot/common/pwdgroup.xml @ 8a62e94

clfs-3.0.0-systemdclfs-3.0.0-sysvinitsystemdsysvinit
Last change on this file since 8a62e94 was 8a62e94, checked in by Chris Staub <chris@…>, 9 years ago

Text updates to remove references to log files that are no longer created

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File size: 3.0 KB
Line 
1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3  "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4  <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5  %general-entities;
6]>
7
8<sect1 id="ch-chroot-pwdgroup">
9  <?dbhtml filename="pwdgroup.html"?>
10
11  <title>Creating the passwd and group Files</title>
12
13  <indexterm zone="ch-chroot-pwdgroup">
14    <primary sortas="e-/etc/passwd">/etc/passwd</primary>
15  </indexterm>
16
17  <indexterm zone="ch-chroot-pwdgroup">
18    <primary sortas="e-/etc/group">/etc/group</primary>
19  </indexterm>
20
21  <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
22  href="../../boot/common/pwdgroup.xml"
23  xpointer="xpointer(//*[@os='a'])"/>
24 
25  <para>Create the <filename>/etc/passwd</filename> file by running the
26  following command:</para>
27
28<screen><userinput>cat &gt; /etc/passwd &lt;&lt; "EOF"
29<literal>root:x:&uid-root;:&gid-root;:root:/root:/bin/bash</literal>
30<literal>messagebus:x:&uid-messagebus;:&gid-messagebus;:D-Bus Message Daemon User:/dev/null:/bin/false</literal>
31EOF</userinput></screen>
32
33  <para os="b">The actual password for
34  <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> (the <quote>x</quote>
35  used here is just a placeholder) will be set later.</para>
36
37  <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
38  href="../../boot/common/pwdgroup.xml"
39  xpointer="xpointer(//*[@os='c'])"/>
40
41  <para>Create the <filename>/etc/group</filename> file by running the
42  following command:</para>
43
44<screen><userinput>cat &gt; /etc/group &lt;&lt; "EOF"
45<literal>root:x:0:
46bin:x:&gid-bin;:
47sys:x:&gid-sys;:
48kmem:x:&gid-kmem;:
49tty:x:&gid-tty;:
50tape:x:&gid-tape;:
51daemon:x:&gid-daemon;:
52floppy:x:&gid-floppy;:
53disk:x:&gid-disk;:
54lp:x:&gid-lp;:
55dialout:x:&gid-dialout;:
56audio:x:&gid-audio;:
57video:x:&gid-video;:
58utmp:x:&gid-utmp;:
59usb:x:&gid-usb;:
60cdrom:x:&gid-cdrom;:
61messagebus:x:&gid-messagebus;:
62systemd-journal:x:&gid-systemd-journal;</literal>
63EOF</userinput></screen>
64
65  <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
66  href="../../boot/common/pwdgroup.xml"
67  xpointer="xpointer(//*[@os='d'])"/>
68
69  <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
70  href="../../boot/common/pwdgroup.xml"
71  xpointer="xpointer(//*[@os='e'])"/>
72
73  <para>To remove the <quote>I have no name!</quote> prompt, start a
74  new shell. Since a full Glibc was installed in <xref
75  linkend="chapter-cross-tools"/> and the <filename>/etc/passwd</filename>
76  and <filename>/etc/group</filename> files have been created, user name
77  and group name resolution will now work.</para>
78
79<screen role="nodump"><userinput>exec /tools/bin/bash --login +h</userinput></screen>
80
81  <para>Note the use of the <parameter>+h</parameter> directive. This tells
82  <command>bash</command> not to use its internal path hashing. Without this
83  directive, <command>bash</command> would remember the paths to binaries it
84  has executed. To ensure the use of the newly compiled binaries as soon as
85  they are installed, the <parameter>+h</parameter> directive will be used
86  for the duration of the next chapters.</para>
87
88</sect1>
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